„The Democrats had long defended workers` rights and the Republicans had become a free trade party; It kind of collapsed with Clinton,” Cowie says. The Democrats were walled up in the presidential elections of 1980, 1984, 1988, and they have to figure out how to live up to the power of the new conservatism in America. There was an old wing that wanted to fight to defend industrial protection and collective bargaining represented by the New Deal, and a new wing that turned to the right and made Clinton the standard-bearer of this movement, the New Democrats. According to Robert Lighthizer, the U.S. Trade Representative, the Trump administration`s goal was to „stop the hemorrhage” of trade deficits, plant closures and job losses by insisting on tougher labor and environmental protection in Mexico and removing „Chapter 19,” a Canadian favorite and a thorn in the side of the U.S. timber industry. According to Chad Bown of the Peterson Institute for International Economics, the Trump administration`s list is „very much in line with the attitude of the president, who loves trade barriers and loves protectionism. This makes NAFTA less of a free trade agreement in many ways.  The concerns expressed by the U.S. Trade Representative regarding subsidized state-owned enterprises and currency manipulation do not apply to Canada and Mexico, but are intended to send a message to countries outside North America.  Jeffrey Schott of the Peterson Institute for International Economics stated that it would not be possible to quickly conclude renegotiations while all the concerns on the list.  He also stated that it was difficult to combat trade deficits.  Finally, three discrete events have had a significant impact on the North American economy, none of which are due to NAFTA.
The failure of the tech bubble has affected growth. The September 11 attacks led to repression at border crossings, including between the United States. . . .
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