All parties to the conference called for reunification elections, but failed to agree on the details. Pham Van Dong proposed elections under the supervision of „local commissions”. The United States, with the support of the United Kingdom and the associated countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, has proposed UN monitoring. Molotov opposed it, opposing a commission with an equal number of communist and non-communist members that could only rule unanimously on „important” issues. [15] Negotiators were unable to agree on a date for the reunification elections. The DRV argued that elections should be held within six months of the ceasefire, and the Western allies were trying not to get a deadline. Molotov proposed June 1955, then softened later in 1955 and finally July 1956. [5]:610 The diem government supported the diem elections to reunification, but only with effective international supervision; she argued that truly free elections were impossible in the totalitarian North. [16] Zhou Enlai reports on some last-minute agreements regarding conference procedures. It was decided that the Korean delegation would speak first and that Thailand, Great Britain and the Soviet Union would alternately take over the chairmanship of the conference. The British and Chinese Communist delegations agreed on the sidelines of the conference on the strengthening of their diplomatic relations.

[24] Geneva Convention, collection of documents relating to Indochina and exhibition of the Geneva Conference, from April 26 to July 21, 1954, in which representatives of Cambodia, the People`s Republic of China, France, Laos, the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union, Viet Minh (i.e. North Vietnamese) and the State of Vietnam (i.e. South Vietnamese) participated. The 10 documents – none of which were treaties binding on the participants – consisted of 3 military agreements, 6 unilateral declarations and a final declaration of the Geneva Conference (21 July 1954). 1. The Geneva Conventions refer to a number of agreements relating to the future of Vietnam. They were born during the multilateral talks in Geneva between March and July 1954. There were also divisions and disagreements within the communist bloc.

Both China and the Soviet Union refused, for their own strategic reasons, to support Viet Minh`s claim to rule all of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh`s chief negotiator, Pham Van Dong, chose not to ally too closely with Moscow or Beijing, preferring that North Vietnam court its own fate. The agreement was signed by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, France, the People`s Republic of China, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom. The State of Vietnam rejected the agreement[23], while the United States said it „takes note” of the ceasefire agreements and declared that it would „refrain from using the threat or use of force to disrupt them”. [5]:606 The Eisenhower administration had considered airstrikes to support the French in Dien Bien Phu, but was unable to secure a joint action commitment from important allies like the United Kingdom. Eisenhower was cautious to be drawn into „another Korea” that would be deeply unpopular with the American public. == Domestic political considerations strongly influenced the country`s position in Geneva. [5]:551-3 Columnist Walter Lippmann wrote on April 29, that „the American position in Geneva is impossible as long as the leading Republican senators have no conditions of peace other than the unconditional surrender of the enemy and no conditions of entry into war, except as a collective action in which no one wants to participate. [5:554 At the time of the conference were the United States…

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