When he presented his plan for the government framework to the Convention on the first day, Charles Pinckney of South Carolina proposed establishing a „house of delegates” for distribution purposes by dividing „one member for every thousand 3/5 of black inhabitants.” [8] [9] The Convention unanimously accepted the principle that representation in the House of Representatives would be proportional to the relative population of the state, but initially rejected its proposal to distribute the black population with the rest of its plan. But since slaves cannot vote, the leaders of slave states would have the advantage of increased representation in the House of Representatives and the Electoral College. Delegates from states where slavery has become rare argued that slaves should be included in taxation, but not in determining representation. The disenfranccy of black citizens eventually caught the attention of Congress, and in 1900 some members proposed removing seats in the South, which is related to the number of people excluded from the vote. [20] In the end, Congress did not act to change the division, mainly because of the power of the southern bloc. The Southern bloc was made up of Southern Democrats, elected by white voters and who formed a powerful bloc of votes in Congress until the 1960s. Their representatives, re-elected several times by one-party states, have controlled many important committee chairs in both chambers on the basis of seniority and have given them, among other things, control over rules, budgets, and important patronage projects. Their power allowed them to defeat federal legislation against racist violence and abuse in the South,[21] until it was defeated by the civil rights movement. However, the proposed report was a ready-made solution to the impasse that had been created at the Constitutional Convention.

In this situation, the orientation of the competing forces was the opposite of what had been achieved in 1783 by the Articles of Confederation. In changing the articles, the North wanted slaves to matter more than the South, because the goal was to determine the taxes paid by the states to the federal government. In the Constitutional Convention, the most important theme was representation in Congress, so the South wanted slaves to matter more than the North. [1]:397 The three-fifths report was born from an amendment to the Articles of Confederation on April 18, 1783. [4:112[5] The change should have changed the basis for determining each state`s assets and thus its tax obligations, from real estate to the population, as a measure of the ability to produce wealth. The proposal of a congressional committee had proposed that taxes „be provided by the various colonies in relation to the number of inhabitants of all ages, genders, and qualities, with the exception of Indians who do not pay taxes.” [6]:51[7] The South immediately objected to this formula, as it would include slaves considered primarily as property in the calculation of the amount of taxes payable. . . .

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